Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey (SALSUS)

SALSUS is the primary source of data on substance using behaviour among young people in Scotland since 2002.  The survey provides information to help develop and evaluate policies to reduce the prevalence of substance use, monitor progress towards achieving Scottish Government targets and shape, influence and develop ADP strategic plans.

Participant info

110,984 eligible pupils aged 13-15 across Scotland Actual: 60% pupil response rate – 33,685 pupils from 283 Schools

Prevalence rates and differences on previous survey

All recorded information demonstrates the lowest rates since data collection began in Scotland – (previous records are available as part of UK wide surveys dates shown below)

Behaviours

15 y/olds

13 y/olds

2010 results

Drank in last week

19%

2%

34%/14% low since 1990

Regular smoker (1 per week)

9%

2%

13/3%    low since 1982

Used drugs in last month

9%

4%

11/3%    low since 1998

Not regular Smokers

91%

96%

 

Never Drank

30%

68%

 

Never taken Drugs

82%

96%

 

 

81% of 15 year olds were not regular users of any substances

Multiple substance use – A very small proportion of 15 year olds used more than 1 substance – not necessarily simultaneously:

·        3% of 15 year olds were recent users of alcohol, tobacco and drugs

 

Report looks at a range of factors including: Substance use behaviours accounting for where and when substances were consumed and how these were accessed.

How? – Obtaining substances – 15 y/old

 

Alcohol

Drugs

Cigarettes

Friend same age

46%

42%

38%

 

29% of people said that an older friend had given them drugs on the last occasion.

 

Where?

·        40% of pupils cited outdoors as the most recent location of taking drugs

·        The most common drinking location for 15 year olds was at a party with 52% referencing this.

·        58% of pupils ages 13 cited the most common place for consumption of alcohol as the home

Attitudes towards substance use –‘pupils think it is ok to try’

 

Alcohol

Drugs

Cigarettes

15 year old

77%

18%

49%

2010

82%

No change

63%

13 year old

42%

3%

18%

2010

52%

4%

29%

 

Reference is made to substance use and attitudes within the family however no data is available for experiences of the effects of another’s alcohol and drug use in the home or wider community.

Key Contacts:

Sandra Robb –Information consultant  srobb@nhs.net

Bev Dodds – Principal Information Analyst bev.dodds@nhs.net

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